Are you concerned about vein problems? Wondering if you’re experiencing any vein damage? At Virginia Vein Care, we believe that early diagnosis and treatment of vein disease prevent the risk of developing severe complications.
While it might be difficult for you to identify these vein damage symptoms early, that’s where we come in.
This article discusses the common symptoms of vein diseases to help you know when to seek care early if you notice them.
6 Symptoms of vein disease
Here are six major symptoms of vein disease.
1. Heaviness in the legs
Unexplained leg heaviness may signal a vein disease in the early stage. Leg heaviness occurs because of the accumulation of blood in the leg veins.
This is caused by veins with damaged valves, so the venous return of blood to the heart is inhibited. This pooling of blood in the legs adds extra weight and makes you feel the heaviness. This may be associated with leg swelling.
2. Leg swelling
Vein damage often presents as leg swelling and may affect one or both legs. However, swelling on one leg is the most common presentation of vein disorders.
The leg swelling occurs because the accumulation of blood in the leg veins increases the venous pressure. As a result of the elevated pressure, body fluid (plasma) leaks out of the veins into surrounding tissues. The swelling continues to increase if the venous pressure remains high.
3. Superficial leg ulcers
A leg ulcer is an open sore caused by abnormal blood flow in the leg veins. Damage to the valves in the leg veins affects the venous return of blood upwards to the heart. This increases the pressure in the leg and affects the normal distribution of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues.
When these tissues are deprived of nutrients for a while, tissue death occurs, which gives rise to an ulcer. These ulcers are common in the ankle.
4. Varicose veins
The presence of twisted and swollen veins in your legs signals vein damage. They are caused by elevated venous pressure, which causes the veins to expand and twist. They could be associated with pain and burning sensations that may be distressing.
5. Leg pain and discomfort
Leg pain and discomfort occur due to a variety of causes. Firstly, the stretching and expansion of the walls in the veins may lead to discomfort and pain in some people. Also, the walls of varicose veins may become inflamed, and this reaction causes pain.
Blood clots may form in damaged veins, and this causes pain due to injury to the cells from abnormal blood circulation.
Leg pains may be mild or severe depending on the stage of the vein disease. If you notice leg pains when walking and relief at rest, you will benefit from consulting a vein specialist to obtain an accurate diagnosis.
6. Skin discoloration
The skin color around areas with damaged leg veins changes because of the rupture of damaged small and weak veins. Afterward, blood gradually enters the local tissues, where the red cells are broken down to release a brown pigment. In chronic cases of leg vein damage, the skin color varies and may become red, blue, or brown.
Treatment options for vein diseases
Vein diseases are treated using medical and surgical methods. For instance, wearing compression stockings and taking blood thinners are effective in some cases of vein damage. While in other cases, limited non-invasive office procedures may be the best option.
Vein specialists are qualified medical professionals with the expertise to decide the best treatment option for managing any vein disease. The treatment goals are to relieve symptoms and prevent the onset of complications.
Do you have symptoms of vein damage?
Vein damage symptoms progress if not detected early and treated.
If you have any of these symptoms, seek help from a qualified vein specialist.
At Virginia Vein Care, our team has experience managing numerous types of vein diseases. We carry out thorough imaging tests such as duplex ultrasound to examine the leg veins for blood clots.