Venous Ulcers, sometimes called varicose ulcers, are painful and raw ulcers that commonly develop near the ankle. These can occur due to venous insufficiency which is the weakening of veins that prevents the blood from circulating properly. The added vein pressure and fluid pooling over time will cause ulcers to develop.
Call your primary physician immediately if you are experiencing fever, pain, redness, or heat in the swollen area; have an open sore; or experience shortness of breath or swelling of the limb.
These often occur around the ankles and heels on the lower extremities. Without proper treatment, these wounds will not heal.
Venous Insufficiency, which is a problem with the vein valves not working properly to pump blood, causes added pressure to build. The higher than normal pressure through veins result in venous hypertension which will cause blood to pool in the lower extremities around the ankles and feet. Over time, this pressure will result in the development of painful ulcers.
Venous ulcers occur typically over time as venous reflux disease progresses over time. These stages occur:
Stage 1: Spider Veins – Smaller, thread-like veins that occur near the surface of the skin and often appear on the legs or face. They can appear as red, purplish, or blue veins and often look like tree branches or spider webs with jagged edges that grow outward.
Stage 2: Varicose Veins – Swollen, bulging veins that protrude from the surface of the skin, often with a blue or purplish color. They commonly have a rope-like or cord-like appearance on the skin.
Stage 3: Discoloration – Hyperpigmentation or skin color changes in the skin as result from significant venous circulatory issues. Increased pressure from damaged veins can keep blood from flowing properly and cause some of this blood to leak out of the veins and into the skin. This is known as Venous stasis dermatitis.
Stage 4: Venous Ulcers – Painful and raw ulcers that commonly develop near the ankle. These can occur due to venous insufficiency which is the weakening of veins that prevents the blood from circulating properly. The added vein pressure and fluid pooling over time will cause ulcers to develop
Our practice is experienced with offering the most progressive approaches in treating patients with advanced symptoms of venous reflux disease including the diseases mentioned above. Consult with our physician today to learn more.